You may have had a liver function test come back out of range and the Doctor has asked you to have a repeat test in a month or so. This is because the enzymes maybe raised due to lifestyle choices rather than any significant disease process.


AST Aspartate Transaminase

These enzymes don’t float around in the blood for long and it’s only 16 hours before their amounts are halved. The main cause for raised AST is liver damage. The enzyme can also be found in muscles surrounding the bone, and the heart and in organs like the kidneys, pancreas, spleen and lung. It is useful to know what the AST level is to help work out the most likely cause of the raised result.


ALT Alanine amino transferase 

Most of this enzyme comes from the bone and liver and is seen high in times of growth – childhood, puberty, breast feeding and menopause and when a broken bone is mending.

This enzyme is more likely to be related to bile flow rather than the liver itself.
It takes about 16 – 60 hours for this enzyme to reduce by half


GGT Gamma Glutamyl Transferase

The liver produces most of this enzyme and is the biggest reclyer of Glutathione the most important detoxifier. This liver enzyme result is not too helpful on it’s own as it is in the kidneys, pancreas, heart, brain and prostate as well, so other signs and symptoms need to be checked out before drawing any conclusions.
Reasons why it may be raised are: Alcohol, some drugs like NSAIDS, statins, antibiotics, H2 Receptor blockers, anti-convulsants, antifungal agents, antidepressants and testosterone. It may also mean issues with cholesterol and a fatty liver.


Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

AST depends of Vitamin B6
AST depends on Vitamin B6
ALP depends on Magnesium and Zinc and good amounts of protein
GGT Minimising alcohol intake and unnecessary medications. Eating a healthy ‘good’ fat diet

Ensuring your bowels are open daily

Liver protective herbs like St Mary’s Thistle, Globe Artichoke, Blupleurum and Andrographis can be helpfu


Vitamin B6 Foods

Food Serving Size Vitamin B6 (mg)
Salmon, wild (cooked) 3 ounces* 0.48-0.80
Potato, Russet, with skin (baked) 1 medium 0.70
Turkey, light meat (cooked) 3 ounces 0.69
Avocado 1 medium 0.52
Chicken, light meat without skin (cooked) 3 ounces 0.51
Spinach (cooked) 1 cup 0.44
Banana 1 medium 0.43
Dried plums, pitted 1 cup 0.36
Hazelnuts (dry roasted) 1 ounce 0.18


*A three-ounce serving of meat or fish is about the size of a deck of cards.


Magnesium Foods

Food Serving Size Magnesium (mg)
Dark Chocolate 100 grams 327
Halibut 1/2 fillet 170
Spinach, cooked 1 cup 157
Seeds, pumpkin and squash 1 oz approx (142 seeds) 151
Beans, black 1 cup 120
Fish: Mackerel, Pollock and Tuna 100 grams 97
Okra, frozen 1 cup 94
Beans and Lentils: White Beans, Kidney Beans, and Garbanzo Beans 100 grams 86
Almonds 1oz 80
Dark Leafy Greens: Spinach, Chard and Kale 100 grams 79
Dried Fruit: Prunes, Apricots, and Dates 100 grams 68
Plantain, raw 1 medium 66
Nuts, peanuts 1 oz 64
Avocado 1 Medium 58
Whole grain cereal, cooked 1 cup 56
Scallop 6 large 55
Rockfish 1 fillet 51
Figs 1/2 cup 50
Oysters 3 oz 49

Whole Grains: Brown Rice, Quinoa

and Bulgur

100 grams 44
Tofu 1/4 block 37
Bananas 100 grams 27
Broccoli, raw 1 cup 22



Zinc Foods

Food Serving Size Zinc (mg)
Oysters (Cooked) 100gm 78.6mg
Wheat Germ (Toasted) 100gm 16.7mg
Beef (Lean, Cooked) 100gm 12.3mg
Veal Liver (Cooked) 100gm 11.9mg
Pumpkin & Squash Seeds (Roasted) 100gm 10.3mg
Sesame Seeds 100gm 10.2mg
Dark Chocolate 100gm 3.3mg
Dried Herbs & Spices (Chervil) 100gm 8.8mg
Lamb (Lean, Cooked) 100gm 8.7mg
Peanuts (Roasted) 100gm 3.3mg


If you’d like to know more about this or other topics, you are welcome to join my free membership on face book. Thyroid, Metabolic, Hormone Harmony Hub. 

I’d love to see you there

Inspiring Wellness



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